In this topic, I decided to gather relevant sources of information about Chinese historical events and several essential characters, the economic system of China and the changes this country is facing in this 21st century.
Jean-Luc Domenach explains in a short conference how well understand the Chinese economy and the changes it is facing nowadays through different factors like the demographic aspect and the sociology of its population, the immensity and fragmentation of its territory, the strong identity based on the language and morals (Confucianism), the differences of cultural traits, customs and dialects. In addition, he is talking also about the Chinese history with the Opium War (1839-1901), some nationalist dictatorships and the conflicts with Japan… Moreover, the speaker mentions Mao Zedong (1893-1976) and Deng Xiaoping (1904-1997) who are the most famous political characters of China during the 19th and 20th centuries… Then, the orator is describing the advantages and drawbacks of China. It is important to know that health care, housing and education remain really significant issues. Lastly, Jean-Luc Domenach is bringing up how the economical assets of China are limiting its current growth based on cheap production and massive exportation toward Europe and the United States.
However, to fight against this main issue, China is setting up paradoxical policies: the encouragement of national demand by protectionism and the development of partnerships with African countries through strategies of free trade in building, wood and fishing industries. Therefore, the Chinese economy is full of ambiguity through these two trends…
The Belgian documentary deals with the impact of Chinese investments on African countries. These new geopolitical relationships are continually increasing and reinforcing for the profit of Chinese companies and some African areas. Indeed, African governments are looking for financial investments whereas the Chinese investors are looking for raw materials representing a significant strategic stake. However, this new phenomenon of implantation is also responsible of pauperization toward African workers and local population.
Protectionnisme – La transition du modèle économique chinois sera-t-elle favorable au commerce international ?